Honroable Pamela Digby, USA, 1920-1997 
Ambassador in France
 
 
       Hon. Pamela Digby                                                                        
       Born 20 March 1920 Farnborough Park                                                      
       Died 1997                                                                                
       Married (1) 4 October 1939 Westminster Div.1946                                          
       Randolph Spencer-Churchill, son of Sir Winston                                           
       Spencer-Churchill and Clementine Ogilvy Hozier, Baroness                                 
       Spencer Churchill                                                                        
       Born 28 May 1911 London                                                                  
       Died 6 June 1968                                                                         
       Married (2) 4 May 1960 Carson City, Nevada                                               
       Leland Hayward, son of Col. William Hayward and Sarah                                    
       Ireland                                                                                  
       Born 1902 Nebraska City, Nebraska                                                        
       Died 18 March 1971 "Haywire"                                                             
       Married (3) 27 September 1971 New York                                                   
       Averell Harriman, son of E. H. Harriman                                                  
       Born 1891 New York City                                                                  
       Died 26 July 1986  


      Affair with Edward Roscoe Murrow 
       Born 1904 
       Died 1965 
       Affair with John Hay "Jock" Whitney, son of NN Whitney 
       and NN Hay 
       Born 1904 
       Died 1982 
       Affair with Prince Aly Khan, son of Aga Khan III and 
       Therese Magliano 
       Born 13 June 1911 Torino, Italy 
       Died 12 May 1960 Paris (car accident) 
       Affair with Giovanni Agnelli, son of Edoardo Agnelli 
       and Virginia , dei Marchesi Bourbon del Monte Santa Maria 
       Born 12 March 1921 Torino, Italy 
       Affair with Baron Elie de Rothschild, son of Baron 
       Robert Philippe de Rothschild and Nelly Beer 
       Born 29 May 1917 
                 Children, Generation I 

       Generation I 
        (1) 1  Winston Spencer-Churchill 
               Born 10 October 1940 London 
               Married 1964 
             Mary Caroline d'Erlanger, daughter of Sir Gerard John Regis 
               d'Erlanger 
             Affaire with (a) Soraya Kashoggi 
             Affaire with (b) Jan Cushing Amory 
                         Children, Generation II-1 

       II-1 (I-1) 
            1  Randolph Leonard Spencer-Churchill 
               Born 22 January 1965 

            2  Jennie Spencer-Churchill 
               Born 25 September 1966 

            3  Marina Spencer-Churchill 
               Born 11 September 1967 

            4  John Gerard Averell Spencer-Churchill 
               Born 1975 
 

       Averell Harriman
        (1891-1986) 

        Having studied at Yale he became a diplomat, taking up posts as 
        ambassador to the USSR (1943) and to Britain (1946). He was then 
        secretary of commerce (1946-1948) and special assistant (1950-1951) to 
        his close friend, President Truman. He became Governor of New York 
        (1955-1958), ambassador-at-large (1961), 1965-1969), and US 
        representative at the Vietnam peace talks in Paris (1968). He 
        negotiated the partial nuclear test-ban treaty between the USA and 
        USSR in 1963, and continued to visit the USSR on behalf of the 
        government, making his last visit there at age ninety-one. 
 

       Leland Hayward
        (1902-1971) 

        Literary and theatrical agent, he was said to be "at once haggard and 
        debonair". 
 

       Prince Aly Khan
        (1911-1960) 

             Through his father, Prince Aly Kan claims descent from the 
        Prophet Mohammed, while his mother, of humble Italian origins, had 
        been a ballet dancer in the casino at Monte Carlo. In partnership with 
        his father, the Aga Khan, he operated stud farms that bred some of 
        Europe's finest racehorses. However, his reputation was as a lover 
        who had bedded many women. Over the years his name has been linked 
        with, amongst others, Yvonne de Carlo, Joan Fontaine, Zsa Zsa Gabor, 
        Judy Garland, Kim Novak, Pamela Digby, Gene Tierney and Simone Simon. 
            At the age of eighteen his father had sent him to Cairo to be 
        trained by the madams of the great bordellos in the art of Imsak, the 
        art of withholding climax and the Egyptian equivalent of Fang Chung. 
        His demanding and emotionally distant father, leader of some 
        15,000,000 Asian and African Ismaili Muslims, was a statesman and 
        multi-millionaire who had played an important role in the founding of 
        the All-India Moslem League. 
             In 1929 he went to London to study law but became interested and 
        involved in racing cars, breeding Derby-winning horses and making 
        love. In March 1934 while in New York, he was invited to a soiree 
        given by socialite Mrs. Frank Vance Storres; at the dinner he was 
        placed next to Thelma, Viscountess Furness, the current mistress of 
        the Prince of Wales. Their attraction was instant and he tried to 
        delay her return to Europe. However, determined to return to the 
        Prince of Wales, she boarded the "Bremen". The next morning the 
        telephone in her cabin rang, it was Prince Aly Khan asking her to 
        lunch with him. He had secretly joined the ship and, after that, how 
        could she resist him? 
             Rejuvenated, she returned to England but, as the Prince of Wales 
        had spies everywhere, she had to explain because, in the Prince's
        opinion, "How could she betray him with an Indian?" That the Prince 
        had already embarked on his affaire with her friend, Wallis Simpson, 
        appeared not to matter. Thelma was no longer the prince's mistress. 
             On 18 May 1936 Prince Aly Khan married the divorced Joan 
        Yarde-Buller and they became the parents of two sons. During World War 
        II he provided invaluable assistance to Allied intelligence, using his 
        flawless English, French and Arabic, for which service he received the 
        Croix de Guerre and the U.S. Bronze Star. 
            In 1948, estranged from his wife, he was behaving again as a 
        bachelor and, when meeting the actress Rita Hayworth, he was smitten. 
        Rita Hayworth, not yet divorced from Orson Welles, was at first not 
        interested in Aly Khan; but when he turned out to be "much more 
        attentive and romantic" than Orson Welles, Rita Hayworth moved in with 
        him. However, after travelling to Spain with him, she returned alone 
        to Hollywood. 
            Prince Aly Khan then followed her to America. On 1 December 1948 
        Rita Hayworth's divorce from Orson Welles became final and, because of 
        her problems with the film studio, she returned with him to Europe. 
        When the scandal, because of the Prince still being married, became 
        too much, his father ordered him to contain the publicity. To obtain 
        the Aga Khan's blessing for the marriage, Rita Hayworth went to Cannes 
        to meet him and won him over. 
             The Prince then divorced his wife and, on 27 May 1949, married 
        Rita Hayworth already two months pregnant. On 28 December 1949 they 
        became the parents of a daughter. However, as he continued to pursue 
        other women, Rita Hayworth returned to America where, on 26 January 
        1953, she divorced him. 
             Legal action followed to allow him to see his daughter but women 
        remained his main interest in life until, in 1958, Pakistan appointed 
        him their representative at the United Nations. In April 1960 he flew 
        to Los Angeles to be with Yasmin, his daughter, then returned to 
        France. On the night of 12 May 1960, en route to a dinner party with 
        his current mistress, Bettina, and his chauffeur in the back as he 
        himself was driving, he collided head-on with another car. The other 
        driver and his passengers escaped with minor injuries but, shortly 
        before midnight, Prince Aly Khan died in a Paris hospital aged just 
        forty-eight. 
 

       Randolph Spencer-Churchill
        (1911-1968) 

            Randolph Churchill, aged twenty-eight, was exceedingly handsome 
        despite a reputation for drunkenness, boorishness and treating most 
        people with the utmost contempt. He made a spasmodic living by 
        journalism and lecturing until he joined the army. When on leave he 
        met, and immediately became engaged to, a jolly, plump, red-haired, 
        nineteen-year-old girl, Pamela Digby. Within days they were married, 
        making the war an excuse for haste, though there was not much going on 
        with the 4th Hussars. The wedding took place at Admiralty House and 
        his parents, Winston and Clementine, hoped that Pamela would "settle 
        him down". 
             Randolph was quite open about the fact he wanted a son, which was 
        the reason why he married, lady friends were for sex but Pamela he 
        regarded as "breeding" material. Continuing to womanize, when Pamela 
        was in the process of giving birth, it was reported that he was in bed 
        with another woman. Even during the war, when stationed in Egypt, he 
        had a long affaire with Momo Marriott and when she was not available 
        had a succession of girlfriends, some of them prostitutes. 
             However, during the war Randolph proved his courage many times 
        and was to do so again as a war reporter in Korea, where he was shot 
        in the leg. But his capacity for drink remained prodigious and he was 
        embittered by his father's evident lack of enthusiasm for his company. 
        Although the rows between them became increasingly exhausting for the 
        older man with the passing years, yet there remained a deep affection 
        between them. 
             Randolph's long-delayed divorce came through a few months after 
        the end of the war and, in November 1948, he married June Osborne. It 
        was inevitably a tempestuous relationship held together only by their 
        beautiful daughter, Arabella, although finally ending in divorce in 
        1961. In the previous year Randolph had been entrusted with the 
        writing of his father's biography, incontrovertibly the single most 
        important and worthwhile task of his life. He went about it with 
        professional zeal, surrounding himself with a team of researchers and 
        secretaries at his place at Stour. 
             However, his health was already failing, his prodigious cigarette 
        smoking taking its toll. In a life touched by tragedy, insecurity and 
        loneliness, the worst blow was his being able to complete only the 
        first two volumes of a biography that gave strong evidence of matching 
        its subject in its quality and understanding. He died on 6 June 1968. 
        (Condensed from Richard Hough's "Winston and Clementine".) 
 

       Baron Elie de Rothschild
        (1917-) 

             A member of a rich Jewish banking family in France, with his 
        regiment, the Anciens Cuirassiers, he was captured by the Germans 
        close to the Belgian border. He was taken to Nienberg near Hamburg 
        but, when he was found out planning to escape, was taken to Colditz, 
        then to Luebeck, one of the toughest POW camps. There he was re-united 
        with his brother, Alain, and both were fortunate in being treated as 
        captured officers, thus avoiding the extermination camps. 
             While in Colditz, Elie had written to his childhood sweetheart, 
        Liliane Fould-Springer, and asked her to marry him, which they did by 
        proxy. Her parents thought her foolish to take on the Rothschild name 
        with the Nazis in control of France. 
             After the war, Elie, Alain and their wives shared the Avenue de 
        Marigny property. Elie, a would-be playboy, was a friend of Prince Aly 
        Khan and knew Gianni Agnelli. However, he worked hard in the family 
        banking business and also at Chateau Lafitte, which wine experts have 
        long considered to be one of the greatest vineyards. He is also a 
        great collector of art and owns works by Rembrandt, Gainsborough, 
        Dubuffet and Picasso. 

             Liliane was the family intellectual---very bright, a voracious 
        reader, an exceptional designer and decorator. However, she was 
        neither pretty nor attentive to her husband. In 1952, when his wife 
        was pregnant with their third child, he met Pamela Churchill. However, 
        it took considerable time before their relationship developed. Early 
        in 1953 his wife's sister died, followed by the death of her 
        step-father and the collapse of her mother. For a year Liliane went 
        into seclusion and would see no-one or do anything. Only then was 
        his relationship with Pamela established. 
             Pamela's affair with the unmarried Gianni Agnelli had been quite
        open, but now discretion was required - they never went out together in 
        public. Elie adored her and many years later still regarded her the 
        love of his life. However, when Liliane found out she was devastated. 
        Forty years later she would still refer to Pamela only as "that 
        woman". 
 

       Hon. Pamela Digby
        (1920-1997) 

              Aged seventeen, Pamela Digby was sent to a boarding school in 
        Muenchen and later maintained that, in the six months spent there, she 
        was introduced to Adolf Hitler by Unity Mitford. In 1939 she went to 
        work at the Foreign Office in London, doing translations from French 
        for which she was paid 6 a week. 
              While being shown the flat she was going to rent, the phone 
        rang. When she answered, it was Randolph Churchill who asked her out 
        to dinner. Within ten days they were engaged and a week later they 
        were married. With the exception of Winston and Clementine Churchill, 
        Randolph's parents, everybody was against the marriage. One reason for 
        the objections was their lack of money, to which Winston remarked: 
        "Nonsense! All you need to be married is champagne, a double bed and a 
        box of cigars!" 
             However, married life began on the wrong footing when Randolph, 
        wanting to improve her education, began to read in bed to her Gibbon's 
        "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire". Hilaire Belloc would have been 
        fine, she maintained, but Gibbon was too much. 
             When Pamela became pregnant, to be close to a doctor she went to 
        live with her parents-in-law at 10 Downing Street, where she spent 
        many nights in the air-raid shelter. On 8 October 1940 Randolph took 
        his seat in the House of Commons and two days later their son, 
        Winston, was born. 
             In 1941 Randolph went with the army to Africa; but while on board 
        the ship taking them there, he gambled and lost 3,000. From Cape Town 
        he sent Pamela a telegram which shattered their marriage. Never having 
        been in debt before her marriage, she was already worried about bills, 
        debts and people threatening to sue for payment; now she had to find 
        another 10 per month to pay off this debt. Accordingly, she sold all 
        her wedding presents and took a 12-a-week job at the Ministry of 
        Supply. Pregnant again but, with all the tension, she miscarried. She 
        paid off the debts but the security in her marriage was gone. 
             When Averall Harriman, a representative of the American
        President, was introduced to her they started an affair. Pamela 
        regarded him "the most beautiful man I had ever set eyes on". When he 
        had to go to Cairo, it was Randolph who showed him around Egypt. In 
        July 1941 when Harriman returned to England, Randolph asked him to 
        take a letter to Pamela in which he jokingly referred to Harriman as 
        his rival in her affection. It took until 1942 before Randolph 
        realised what was going on. He then had a furious row with his father 
        as he maintained that his parents had condoned Pamela's affair. After 
        this his mother banned him from their home for the rest of the war, 
        fearing Winston might have a seizure. 
             At the suggestion of Brendan Bracken, Pamela established a social 
        club to enable professional men and women from the U.S.A. and Canadian 
        forces, while off duty in London, to meet their British counterparts. 
        As agreed, after the war in 1946 Pamela and Randolph divorced. Pamela 
        then moved to Paris and her son spent his school holidays with his 
        grandparents. 
             In 1948 she began a five-years affair with Gianni Agnelli which 
        would be the happiest period of her life. However, Gianni Agnelli was 
        unfaithful and became more blatantly so as the years went on. In 1952 
        she surprised him in their bedroom with a young girl. She threw them 
        both out and Agnelli, while driving the girl home, was involved in a 
        car accident and grievously injured. His right leg, which had been 
        broken before, was crushed and broken in seven places. 
             His leg was put in a plaster cast which was too tight and caused 
        gangrene. As he had taken cocaine, the required operation could only 
        be performed under a local anesthetic. Pamela was present and covered 
        his eyes while the operation was performed. Gianni's recovery, which 
        Pamela supervised, took months. Afterwards she became pregnant but had 
        an abortion in Switzerland. Pamela began to give up hope of ever 
        marrying him and, when Princess Marella Caracciolo di Castagneto 
        became pregnant by him, she suggested that he marry her. Many years 
        later Marella said about her husband: "For Gianni, a woman is to be 
        conquered. Not to be loved." 
             Then Baron Elie de Rothschild came into her life and, as he was 
        married, discretion was required. She spent much of her time learning 
        about art, history, techniques of wine-making and furniture. However, 
        this relationship did not last. 
             In 1959, in search of a husband, Pamela went to live in New York 
        and, already having renewed their acquaintance, on 4 May 1960 married 
        the Broadway producer, Leland Hayward. This prompted her remark: 
        "Theatre and politics are alike; they're both made up of triumphs and 
        disasters". In the spring of 1971 Leland Hayward died and, on 27 
        September 1971, she married Averell Harriman. Born in 1891 Harriman 
        died on 26 July 1986, having maintained that marrying Pamela had been 
        the best thing he ever had done. 
             As Pamela Churchill Harriman she became involved in politics and 
        created a fund-raising system which helped to return the Democratic 
        party return to the White House. In her opinion, when Clinton was 
        copying President Kennedy, "Where Jack Kennedy was born to power, Bill 
        Clinton got there all by himself." In September 1992 she opened up her 
        Virginia estate for a ten-thousand-dollar-a-head Day in the country 
        for Clinton and Gore and raised $3.2 million. Many people were 
        surprised when President Clinton appointed her U.S. Ambassador to 
        France. In 1997 when she died of a brain hemorrhage, President Clinton 
        praised her as "one of the most unusual and gifted people I ever met". 
 
 

       Winston Spencer-Churchill
       (1940-) 
 
 

             He was the favoured grandchild of the most famous political 
        family in Europe, yet he grew up without a family life. His father an 
        arrogant drunk and his mother a courtesan to rich men, he was raised 
        exclusively by nannies, especially Marian Martin, and it was the 
        butler, Sam Hudson, who took him to school and soccer matches. Aged 
        eight, he went to boarding school. Then educated at Eton and Christ 
        Church, Oxford, he is a journalist and writer. 
             In 1964 he married Minnie d'Erlanger, the Roman Catholic daughter 
        of Sir Gerard d'Erlanger, and they became the parents of four 
        children. Their effort to create a solid family succeeded, thanks 
        almost exclusively to Minnie's grace and persistence. According to 
        relatives, she is the backbone of the family and much too good for 
        Winston, and that "Unlike some men, who are ruled by their head, 
        Winston's problem is that he is ruled by his ...." 
             In 1967 he failed to get a seat in the House of Commons but, from 
        1970 till 1983, was M.P. for Stretford and from 1983 onwards for 
        Manchester Davyhulme. Since 1979 he is a Member of the Executive of 
        the 1922 Committee and from 1983 Member of the Select Committee on 
        Defence; then Conservative Party Defence Spokesman from 1976 till 1978 
        and from 1982 till 1984.